Gastritis is a disease of the century, which can be diagnosed in 2/3 of the world's population. The disease is often not symptomatic, but is prone to development. Chronic gastritis can eventually develop into peptic ulcer as well as stomach cancer. Clinical nutrition is not the only one, but an important part of the prevention and treatment of gastrointestinal diseases. What diet is recommended for gastritis: what can and should not be used by gastroenterology patients?
Proper nutrition organization for gastritis means a complete dietary review, excluding foods that irritate the gastric mucosa. Steamed and boiled dishes are preferred. For any type of gastritis, it is forbidden to eat fried and fatty foods.
Foods for stomach gastritis are regulated by following the rules:
- the optimum temperature for food is 20–50 °;
- food is taken at the same time, 5-6 times a day;
- avoid overeating;
- when choosing a diet for gastritis, take into account the corresponding disease;
- does not include alcohol, smoking;
- reject smoked, pickled, spicy dishes;
- dinner 2-3 hours before bed;
- chew food perfectly;
- refrain from begging while eating;
- you can drink 30 minutes after a meal;
- boil food well.
This mode has a beneficial effect on the regeneration of the mucous membranes. The menu for gastritis gastritis should vary, including adequate amounts of vitamins and minerals. Patients should not starve.
Food for gastritis
A therapeutic diet for patients with gastritis should include foods and surrounding components that repair damaged mucosal cells. Foods should contain a lot of vitamin B. These elements are usually not enough for gastrointestinal tract diseases. Use healthy foods for all forms of chronic gastritis:
- Oatmeal - a source of fiber, antioxidants;
- Vegetable oils - contain fatty acids, tocopherols;
- Milk (if acceptable);
- Dairy products - normalize intestinal function due to the high content of bacteria responsible for strong immunity;
- Ripe bananas - stimulate the production of protective mucus, rich in B vitamins, magnesium;
- Berries - digested better than fruits, with increased secretion, acid-free varieties are released;
- Rice - has absorbent properties;
- Potatoes - helps increase metabolism, raw vegetable juices are used for medicinal purposes.
Proper drinking habits can help reduce itching and discomfort. This fluid increases the movement of the gastrointestinal tract, diluting excess stomach acid. The amount of clean water without gas in the daily diet must be at least 1. 5 liters.
What not to eat with gastritis
- margarine, spread;
- fast food;
- roti rai;
- heavy cream;
- fresh fruit (excluding bananas, sweet apples, pears);
- ice cream;
- canned food;
- carbonated drinks;
- salted cheese varieties;
In the event of a more serious illness, it is necessary to limit the use of pasta, seafood, seeds, nuts. If inflammation of the stomach is combined with liver disease, gallbladder, eggs are used as a component of the dish. Eating it separately in the form of an omelet is undesirable if there is a combination of gastrointestinal diseases.
Foods allowed for gastritis
To normalize acidity levels, treatment is combined with a special diet that does not include foods that increase the production of secretory fluid in the stomach.
Nutrition accelerates the healing process in superficial focal gastritis. As a rule, small lesions of the mucous membranes can be cured with the help of treatment menus and medications after 10-14 days. If there is a deep lesion, it is recommended to eat properly for a lifetime.
List of foods you can eat for high acid gastritis:
- Flour products.
- Rice, buckwheat and wheat are very useful for the stomach.
- Refine vegetables. It is recommended to prepare a salad from grated vegetables.
- Eggs must be well cooked. Eat eggs no more than 3 times a week.
- Dairy products. They neutralize excess stomach acid.
- Hard cheese and curd.
- Meat. The most useful varieties for gastritis are turkey, rabbit.
- Fish. Low fat varieties are suitable - pollock, cod, salmon pink, sole, hake, pike.
- Sweet desserts include honey, jam, marmalade, marshmallows. For cooking, you can use a curd casserole.
- Mineral water is still.
Dietary specialties for gastritis
In people with low acidity, digestion is difficult due to enzyme deficiency. Symptoms of this pathology are poor appetite, weight loss, pale skin, and vitamin deficiency.
Gross food causes annoyance. People with hypoacid gastritis should not take:
- fruit with skin;
- berries with seeds - raspberries, strawberries, gooseberries;
- pure milk.
The list of foods for high acid gastritis is almost the same as the form of hyper acid. There are differences in diet. With low acidity, you can use:
- sour fruits, vegetables and berries (citrus is also included in this group);
- fruit juice.
Special attention is paid to cutting food. It is recommended to eat in a relaxed atmosphere and chew carefully. With low acidity, intolerance to meat, milk, eggs is possible. In this case, foods that cause discomfort are excluded from the diet so as not to cause complications of gastritis.
Diet with exacerbation of gastritis
When acute gastritis is accompanied by vomiting and diarrhea, the body needs increased fluid intake. Water-soluble rehydration preparation powder helps to restore water-salt balance. If the active phase of the disease is accompanied by pain and constipation, the following diet is recommended:
|Product Range||Method of resistance|
|Bread and bread products||Wheat bread||As a bread crumb, up to 100 g a day|
|Sup||Cereals: semolina, rice, oatmeal, pearl barley or flour (rice, buckwheat, oatmeal)||Slimming broth or milk soup from semolina, as well as purified from oatmeal, rice and wheat|
|Fish Dishes||Perch perched or other lean fish||In the form of dumplings, soufflé, puree|
|Meat Dishes||Lean meats: beef, beef, chicken||Stripped tendons in the form of dumplings, soufflés, mashed potatoes (steam, cooked meat)|
|Vegetable and Side Dishes||Homogenized vegetables||Raw purified raw vegetables|
|Eggs||No more than 2-3 pieces.||Soft boil or omelet|
|Sweet foods, sweets, fruits and berries||Sweet dishes made from non-acidic berries and fruits, syrups, preservatives, meringues, snowballs||Only in the form of jelly, jelly|
|Milk, dairy products and foods from it||Whole milk, condensed milk, cream. Fresh non-acidic cottage cheese (acidity not higher than 180 according to Turner)||Natural and whipped cream. Pure cottage cheese with sugar and milk or cream. Milk sauce or sour cream (from fresh sour cream)|
|Drinks||Fruit juice and sweet berries, rosehip stew|
|Fat||Salt without salt, fine olives or sunflower||Do not fry, but add dishes in type|
Menu for acute gastritis includes liquid and scar dishes that promote stomach wall healing:
- slimy soup with rice and wheat rolls;
- pieces of steamed meat, soufflé with minced meat;
- viscous porridge;
- is weak.
Recipes for gastritis
Most diets consist of liquid and ground foods. The recipes for the dishes listed are suitable not only for adults but also for children.
Soup recipe for gastritis
The first foods for a gastritis diet include vegetarian soups. Fatty broths increase the production of secretory fluids, so they should not be taken by people with high stomach acidity and ulcerative gastritis. The best choices for the first course are slimy rice soup and vegetable soup.
To prepare oatmeal soup, you need 0. 5 whole wheat rolls, 600 ml of water, salt. Oatmeal cook for 10-15 minutes. Such soups can be prepared with the addition of lezon - a mixture of milk and eggs. It is added at the end of cooking. Beat eggs and 200 ml of milk in a separate bowl. The soup is ready to be filtered through a sieve. Then beat with a whisk and bring to a boil again. Lezon is poured into a thin stream 5 minutes after the oven is turned off. In this case, the contents are constantly mixed until a homogeneous mass is obtained.
Fat Rice Soup can be made with milk. Ingredients:
- 55 g cereal;
- 400 ml milk;
- 150 ml air;
- vegetable oil;
- 2 teaspoons of sugar.
Rice is washed, boiled in water until half cooked. Then add milk, sugar, salt. Before serving, season with vegetable oil, crackers.
Food gastritis includes vegetable broth. For example, cauliflower soup. To prepare the dish, take some onions, carrots, 200 g of cabbage. Cook the vegetables for 15 to 20 minutes and grind with a blender. Boil the soup, add 10% cream and turn off the stove. The finished dish is served with herbal ingredients.
Vegetable decoction for gastritis
- olive oil.
Steamed onions and carrots in a little water. After 10 minutes, cut the remaining vegetables into cubes. Cook the stew until tender. Cooking time 20-30 minutes. Olive oil is added to the vegetable stew before serving.