how to eat with pancreatitis

The list of functions of the human pancreas includes the production of most digestive enzymes, without which normal processes of the gastrointestinal tract are impossible, as well as insulin synthesis. When damage occurs in the work of these organs, pancreatitis develops. The disease is an inflammation of the pancreas, usually caused by a delay in the normal excretion of enzymes.

Nutritional specialties in acute and chronic pancreatitis

If there is no pathology in the body, the enzyme enters the intestine, but due to pancreatitis, they remain in this organ, beginning to slowly erode its inner skin. Often, patients with pancreatitis experience poisoning, as a result of which intestinal particles and enzyme residues enter the bloodstream. The acute course of the disease usually ends with surgery if therapy and diet do not give the desired results.

Chronic pancreatitis is usually caused by overeating, abuse of alcohol or drugs, use of hormone or estrogenic drugs, as well as existing gallbladder and liver disease. With these two types of disease, gastroenterologists recommend adhering to a special diet for pancreatitis, which involves arranging a menu of arrangements.

Acute pancreatitis: a diet menu for this week

To normalize the patient's body condition, nutritionists prescribe special nutritional therapy to relieve swelling and inflammation in the pancreas. In addition to treatment with medications, short-term fasting is also determined, thanks to avoidable surgery. During fasting, gastric juice stops being produced, and enzyme activity also decreases, which will help damaged organs recover in a few days.

In the first days of fasting, it is recommended to drink mineral water without gas, diluted green tea or rosehip broth in small portions several times a day. Drinking will help prevent dehydration, but once you have fasted, you will need to shift gradually. If there is acute pancreatitis, a strict diet is followed, the menu for a week should be prepared by a specialist. The 5-day standard meal includes the following meals:

what you can and should not eat with pancreatitis
  • dry bread or a piece of wheat flour;
  • liquid jelly or fruit drink;
  • slimy rice or oatmeal broth;
  • mashed potatoes with no added oil;
  • purified cereals, such as oatmeal, rice, semolina or buckwheat;
  • dry biscuits;
  • bread or crackers.

After 6 days, other foods and beverages can be added to the pancreatitis menu. It can be black or green tea sweetened with a little sugar or honey with the addition of milk, beet juice with a little mineral water. The list of allowed foods includes:

  • steamed protein omelet;
  • curd soufflé;
  • minced or minced meat;
  • liquid slimy soup;
  • berries and berry or apple jelly;
  • vegetable puree and oil-free pudding.

Sample menu for pancreatitis for a week

The diet for acute pancreatitis should be fairly strict, so the patient should adhere to the menu prepared for him for a week. An example of such a diet is shown below, but an exact list of dishes must be agreed with the doctor.

First day

  • Breakfast. Liquid porridge from rice or semolina, one fruit, for example, orange, pear or apple, weak tea with the addition of honey.
  • Breakfast is over. Pure mashed pumpkin, steamed fish or chopped chicken pieces, rosehip broth.
  • Lunch. Fish or beef broth, mashed potatoes, dried white bread, baked apples for dessert.
  • Afternoon snack. A small amount of cottage cheese and weak tea with the addition of honey.
  • Dinner. Protein steamed omelets, dried white bread, mashed vegetable puree.

Day 2

  • Breakfast. Oatmeal milk, jelly or tea (green or black).
  • Breakfast is over. Mashed apple sauce mixed with cottage cheese.
  • Lunch. Broccoli or cauliflower puree soup, steamed chicken balls.
  • Afternoon snack. Dried biscuits and green tea.
  • Dinner. Rice pudding, jelly or cheese tea.

Day 3

  • Breakfast. Melted rice-based porridge, green tea with one dry cookie.
  • Breakfast is over. Baked apples with honey or cottage cheese.
  • Lunch. Vegetable soup based on cauliflower, potatoes, green beans or carrots combined with meatballs, dried fruit compote.
  • Afternoon snack. Pure cottage cheese and weak tea.
  • Dinner. Low fat fish, roasted or steamed.

Common Recipes

the need to follow a diet for pancreatitis

The sample menu may include special recipes recommended for pancreatic pancreatitis. To prevent deterioration of the condition, each component of the dish must be coordinated with a doctor or nutritionist, who usually recommends providing special first and second courses, as well as special desserts.

Pure pumpkin and carrot

To complete such a diet, you need 400 grams of pumpkin and two carrots, it must be peeled and cut into medium cubes. Then the vegetables are cooked in boiling water until soft enough. After the end of cooking, the water from the pot can be drained completely or partially to get a thinner mass. Using a blender, you need to turn the vegetables into a homogeneous mass and serve.

Fish soup

To make a liquid-diluted soup, you need to take half a kilo of lean fish, for example, cod, hake, pike perch or flounder, one and a half liters of water, one teaspoon of butter and 50 ml of milk. Fish fillets are cut into small pieces and boiled in water or vegetable broth until soft. Bring the heated milk separately with the melted butter in it until it boils, pour in the fish soup and add the fillets, then cook it all together for a few minutes.

Keep in mind that in the form of acute pancreatitis, it is strictly forbidden to eat fatty and fried foods, foods that stimulate fermentation in the digestive tract, drinking alcohol, kvass, kefir and carbonated beverages.

Pancreatic inflammation menu

When it comes to diets for pancreatic pancreatitis and menu arrangements, many gastroenterologists recommend adhering to a well-known diet number 5, which is usually prescribed after the patient's condition improves in the acute form of the disease. Foods that are allowed as part of the diet can be included in the food safely after fasting. Usually, such diets are divided into two stages, each different with time.

In the first stage process, you can only take mashed food for two weeks, after completion, the patient is transferred to a less strict second menu option, it lasts at least six to eight months. In the first stage, you can eat a dish without melted salt with a predominance of carbohydrates, drink fruit drinks, juices, rosehip decoction with the addition of honey or sugar. Fatty, fried or salty foods are strictly prohibited.

After the fifth day of the diet, calories should be gradually increased, while limiting fat intake. From the sixth to the ninth day of such a diet, the caloric content of the food eaten daily should not exceed 1000 calories. After the tenth, the number of calories can increase, and the patient is transferred to the second diet option for pancreatitis for a week.

Nutrition for chronic forms of disease

sample menu for pancreatitis

Pancreatitis often becomes chronic, in this case, a special diet for pancreatic pancreatitis is more relevant than before, which makes it possible to normalize the condition of the gastrointestinal tract completely. Characteristic seizures occur periodically due to improper nutrition, especially if the list of dishes includes prohibited foods, including boiled eggs, sweets, chocolate, milk, soda, and other similar foods. Symptoms of the disease are bloating, significant severity after the next meal, frequent vomiting. Often, chronic pancreatitis provokes the onset of diabetes mellitus, especially in cases where the patient does not go to the doctor on time and does not start taking special medications.

A dietitian or gastroenterologist must create a special menu for pancreatitis for a week, which includes snacks and quick digestion. It is very useful to drink mineral water without gas for two days, as well as to boil wild roses or weak tea. You need to switch to a low-calorie diet as soon as possible, providing foods with a minimum content of fats and carbohydrates. Food intake must be fractional, need to eat at least 5-6 times a day. The list of products that include the chronic pancreatitis menu must include:

  • wheat rusk (purchased or prepared yourself);
  • vegetable soups or liquid cereals;
  • grilled or boiled meat, including chicken, beef, or rabbit;
  • steamed lean fish;
  • cottage cheese with a low percentage of fat;
  • salt-free and low-fat cheese;
  • semi-liquid and liquid cereals;
  • puree and vegetable stew;
  • roasted fruit and grated;
  • light jellies, mousses and compote.

Sample menu and list of forbidden dishes

The menu for chronic pancreatitis in adults and children certainly varies, although there are relatively strict restrictions, in the meantime it is necessary to carefully monitor adherence to daily routines and eat every hour. Usually a weekly menu is prepared by a specialist who also gives detailed instructions and advice to the patient, helps choose the right recipe for the dish and talks about the properties of some products. It is worth noting the menu of arrangements for pancreatitis, which you can focus on when creating your own diet:

  • Breakfast. Oatmeal in milk, rosehip decoction.
  • Second breakfast. Steamed chicken or beef, weak tea.
  • Lunch. Puree soup based on carrots and pumpkin, steamed fish and tea.
  • Afternoon snack. Cottage cheese for baby food.
  • Dinner. Zucchini stew with carrots, boiled chicken breast, dried fruit compote.
  • Dinner. A glass of low-fat kefir.

Diet for pancreatic inflammation and the sample menu show strict restrictions, as many foods can exaggerate pancreatic secretion and the production of gastric juice. The list of prohibited products includes:

  • fatty meats and fish, smoked meats, sausages and canned foods;
  • meat and fish soup, as well as mushroom soup;
  • cabbage soup, borscht, okroshka;
  • fatty dairy products;
  • fried and boiled eggs;
  • all kinds of beans, white cabbage, carrots, onions, garlic, spinach, red beans, eggplant, peppers and mushrooms;
  • butter and flour products, sweets, chocolate;
  • coffee, thick black tea, cocoa, carbonated drinks.

A recipe for chronic pancreatitis

dietary rules for pancreatitis

Nutrition for pancreatic pancreatitis and the right menu should be chosen by a specialist, the patient should master some new appropriate recipes to normalize the digestive tract.

Vegetable puree soup

To prepare it, you need a sugar-free yellow or green pepper, 200 g of broccoli and cauliflower, 1 zucchini. Cut vegetables into cubes, add 1. 5 liters of water and cook until tender. Then you need to drain the water and make the mashed potatoes with a blender.

Apple Pastila

To make a healthy marshmallow diet, you need 1 kg of apples, diced and peeled, put in a pot, add water and leave to cook. Once it boils enough, you need to remove the pan from the heat, drain the water and cool the apples. Then they are crushed with a blender, the resulting puree must be squeezed and the excess juice is poured into a separate container. Then the juice is boiled separately in a pot until thick, add 100 g of melted honey there and cook until syrup consistency is obtained. After that, the juice is mixed with mashed potatoes, spread the mass on a baking sheet and put in a preheated oven to 120 degrees to dry the marshmallows.

Doctor's recommendations

In most cases, a diet with pancreatitis and adhering to a strict menu for a week gives excellent results, as such a nutritional system has a very gentle effect on the internal organs. According to doctors, according to the results of such a diet, the work of the pancreas is stable, mainly due to a decrease in the concentration of gastric juice. Experts recommend eliminating alcohol completely during treatment and always following a balanced and proper diet. In addition to improving the function of the gastrointestinal tract, thanks to the menu with inflammation of the pancreas and snacks, you can significantly reduce weight and improve the general condition of the body.